By: Geology

Photo: Ana Pisani

Marine sedimentary concretions known as the “sombrero rocks”.  Also, these rocks called “Mexican hat” are concretions originate in the deep sea. Made of iron oxides and grown in a diagnetic environment they are found in the hills above the town of El Calafate in Patagonia, the jumping off point for visits to see the calving icebergs at Perito Moreno glacier national park.

Concretions and nodules, which may also be composed in part of the iron oxy-hydroxides, limonite and goethite, come in a wide variety of bizarre shapes. Sometimes they’re shiny on the surface, which might give the impression of a meteorite fusion crust. Note that while hematite is rich in iron, it does not attract a simple magnet. Magnetite, on the other hand, is highly magnetic, and it often forms nodules, too. In mixed magnetite-hematite nodules, some parts might attract a magnet and other parts may not.


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